If you do not take the steps needed in your case, your case may go ahead without you. of living space, 4 bedrooms and 2.… (Telephonic appearances for mediations will need prior approval). 5. The resumption of these matters is in addition to the family law matters that the Ontario Court of Justice is currently hearing. When a document has been filed electronically, it is not necessary to file a paper copy. AKA: morena deltransit cuellar, morena d cuellar, morena deltransito escamilla. 1. Personal Details. Since March 16, 2020, First Appearance Court/First Court Dates have been adjourned. The Family Court sits only in areas outside the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) and Cape Breton. While court operations expanded as part of Phase 1, the number of courtrooms that are open, and the number of people who can attend inside the courtroom or courthouse, remains restricted. The M.P. You can find them here: Ministry of the Attorney General – Mediators by Court Location, COVID-19: Scheduling of Family Matters in the Ontario Court of Justice (November 17, 2020). FIRST APPEARANCE COURT/FIRST COURT DATE – Family Law Rule 40(4): iv. LIMITATION AND PROCEDURAL TIME PERIODS RESUMES. Morena maintains relationships with many people -- family, friends, associates, & neighbors -- including John Hicks, Paul Hicks, John Hicks, Cheryl Sweitzer and Richard Millhoff. Court Complex Court Establishment * Court Establishment Select Court Establishment Compulsory Field Select Court Establishment District and Sessions Court, Morena Civil Court Ambah Civil Court Jora Civil Court Sabalgarh Family Court District Morena District Courts Judges (District - Morena) Morena. Recommended Reviews. The Ontario Court of Justice’s  Guide for Self-Represented Litigants in Family Court Trials, What to Expect in Family Court and Definitions of Words Commonly Used in Family Law Cases provides information about family law trials and definitions of words commonly used in family law cases. the Family Court at Morena, it does not appear that the delay in trial is for reasons attributed to the petitioner-husband. If you are a witness and have any questions or concerns about your subpoena or about an upcoming court date, please contact the person listed on the subpoena or on the correspondence you received with your subpoena. If a contested hearing is necessary, parties should determine the issues that remain in dispute. The Government of Ontario, through the Ministry of the Attorney General, is responsible for all facility retrofitting and all health and safety measures required to ensure the safe resumption of court operations including the reopening of all satellite courts for in-person appearances. If you cannot file a document using Family Submissions Online, documents and requests may be emailed to the appropriate courthouse. These matters include: The court will make efforts to schedule older matters before new matters. RE-OPENING OF FAMILY COURT SITES (PHASE ONE, PHASE TWO and PHASE THREE COURT LOCATIONS): 4. Morena maintains relationships with many people -- family, friends, associates, & neighbors -- including Aydee Garcia, Mario Garza, Jeanette Rascon, Ayleen Juarez and Angelica Ramirez. Ask a Question. Only the following matters will be heard at the Phase One, Phase Two, and Phase Three court locations by in-person hearings, unless ordered otherwise: a) Child, Youth and Family Services Act (CYFSA) trials and summary judgment motions; b) Family Law Act (FLA) and/or Children’s Law Reform Act (CLRA) urgent trials and focused hearings, as determined by the judiciary; c) Child, Youth and Family Services Act (CYFSA) Settlement Conferences, Trial Management Conferences and/or combined Settlement/Trial Management Conferences; d) Family Law Act (FLA) and/or Children’s Law Reform Act (CLRA) Settlement Conferences and/or Trial Management Conferences. New Applications and Motions to Change filed after September 28, 2020. In addition to the waiver, all documents for the case conference must be served and filed, as required by the Family Law Rules. 139-A/2008) New Suit No. People who would have received in-person legal aid services through the Family Law Information Centres will be able to continue to get help from LAO over the phone by calling 1‑800‑668‑8258. In those court locations where the first court date is before a judge, your first appearance in court will be held remotely. 58-A/2009 pending before the Family Court Gwalior is transferred to District Court, Morena for its disposal on merits. Applications and Motions to Change which were filed prior to March 16, 2020 and assigned a First Appearance or First Court date which has been presumptively adjourned since March 16, 2020; New Applications and Motions to Change filed after March 16, 2020 and not assigned a First Appearance or First Court date; and. 2.Ajay Prakash Mishr, Special Judge Sc/St (P.A.) You can start the online process of obtaining a lawyer referral at http://www.findlegalhelp.ca/, 24 hours per day. Judicial Officers; Gradation List; Circulars / Orders; Calender; Workshops and Seminar; links to other court Portal; Important Phone No. District Courts Judges (District - Morena) Morena. No trials will be conducted until July 6, 2020 at the earliest, unless a judge seized with a continuing matter orders other… The Supreme Court of Newfoundland and Labrador has two divisions – Family and General. Virtual courts (by teleconference or videoconference) remain essential to the reopening of courts and will continue as currently scheduled. Read Full Summary. There are two levels of Family Court in Newfoundland and Labrador: Provincial and Supreme. Between September 28, 2020 and November 27, 2020, all parties will be required to electronically submit a waiver form regarding the First Appearance Court/First Court Date before a clerk with the Confirmation forms (form 17F). SRLs may contact the law society by phone at the following numbers to access the service: Toll-free: 1-800-268-7568; General: 416-947-3310. The Record shows that the non-applicant/husband had approached this Court in W.P No. In order to protect the health and safety of all court users and to help contain the spread of COVID-19, we continue to ask members of the legal profession and the public to NOT attend courthouses in person at this time unless you have been scheduled to appear in court or if you are unable to electronically file family court documents relating to a scheduled family law matter. View Photos. Under no circumstances should you come into a courthouse if you have been advised by public health officials, your doctor or the Ontario Ministry of Health (MOH) website (https://www.ontario.ca/page/2019-novel-coronavirus) to self-isolate. To close, click the Close button or hit the ESC key. During this time period, in those court locations where the first court date is before a clerk, your first appearance in court will be a remote appearance before a judge for an initial case conference. Satish Chandra Sharma (Jr.), Principal Judge, Family Court 4. As part of the return to operations plan, the Ministry is implementing health and safety measures in each courthouse. The second phase of the plan (Phase Two) occurred on September 14, 2020. The court is conducting in-person hearings on permanent restraining orders at the Blythe Courthouse, Riverside Family Law Courthouse, Southwest Justice Center, and Larson Justice Center. This may require a remote court appearance before a judge. If there is no contact information on your subpoena, contact the courthouse by email:  Courthouse email addresses or by telephone: Court Addresses and Phone Numbers. The emergency service will connect SRLs with family lawyers, working on a pro bono basis, who will provide 30 minutes of legal advice specific to determining whether or not their family court matter is urgent and referrals to other available legal services. Personal Details. The Court will continue working actively with all justice partners to implement a fair and orderly return to operations. Consequently (Old Suit No. On July 6, 2020, the Ministry of the Attorney General determined that the following court locations were part of their Phase One plan for re-opening of in-person family matters, unless ordered otherwise: The Court resumed hearing in-person family law matters in the following Phase Two locations on September 14, 2020: The Court is expected to resume hearing in-person family law matters in the following Phase Three locations on November 30, 2020: Persons attending court must ensure that they arrive for court early because of the extra screening requirements in order to be in court for their scheduled appearance. The heath and safety measures include screening of all persons entering the courthouse. If you are unable to come to court because you have been told to self-isolate, contact the courthouse by email:  Courthouse email addresses or by telephone: Court Addresses and Phone Numbers. Click HERE for more information about Family Law during the Statewide Health Emergency (COVID-19) and court closure. Accepts Credit Cards. Contact Us Registrar General High Court of Madhya Pradesh Jabalpur, India - 482001 0761-2620380, 2622674, 2626734 IVRS Number - 0761-2637400 email - : mphc@nic.in Accordingly this court is inclined to dispose of the petition with direction to the Family Court, Morena to adjudicate and dispose of the the said proceedings pending in Case No. Beginning November 30, 2020, First Appearance Court/First Court Date before a clerk will no longer be waived. The Ontario Court of Justice has responsibility for the scheduling of all court matters in those courthouses and will do so when the Ministry advises that it safe to resume operations. This policy provides guidelines and best practices for the judiciary when scheduling family matters. URGENT MATTERS, CASE CONFERENCES AND OTHER FAMILY LAW MATTERS: vii. Legislation, Court Rules, Practices and Policies. Beginning September 28, 2020, family law matters were no longer administratively adjourned because of COVID-19. If a remote court appearance is necessary, you will receive notice of this by the court. SCHEDULING OF FAMILY MATTERS IN THE ONTARIO COURT OF JUSTICE: i. As per previous Notices regarding the Scheduling of Family Matters in the Ontario Court of Justice, the following expectations continue to be in place: Parties shall not assume that the judge hearing a matter will have access to the entire court file. Morena's reported annual income is about $50 - 59,999; with a net worth that tops $50,000 - $99,999. *This Notice supersedes previously announced notices. Notification No. Close . 457/20. Lawsuits, Liens or Bankruptcies found on Morena's Background Report Criminal or Civil Court records found on Morena's Family, Friends, Neighbors, or Classmates View Details. The Court will provide additional information about the scheduling and conduct of all court proceedings, including the Court’s ongoing work to make more services available using remote technology. The court is conducting mediations via videoconference or telephonically. Because of the restrictions on courthouse and courtroom attendance and considering the ongoing public health guidelines and other restrictions, it is essential that all parties and counsel take reasonable steps to ensure that matters scheduled for a court appearance are ready to proceed. Summary: Luzmorena's current home is located at Severn, MD. The third phase of the plan (Phase Three) is expected to occur on November 30, 2020. Luzmorena has many family members and associates who include Eric Strickland. A judge will determine how a matter will be heard. at Ariane Dr. Clairemont. Note that entry into the courthouse will be controlled and court counters are only open between 9 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. Lawsuits, Liens or Bankruptcies found on Morena's Background Report Criminal or Civil Court records found on Morena's Family, Friends, Neighbors, or Classmates View Details. Morena Represa 5640 Santa Monica Blvd Apt 146, Los Angeles, CA 90038. As we do so, the health and safety of all court users remains our paramount concern. The child custody evaluators at PFCS are carefully trained and fully certified psychotherapists who have conducted more than 1,000 evaluations over the past 16 years. The Law Society of Ontario’s Referral Service will give you the name of a lawyer within or near your community, who will provide a free consultation of up to 30 minutes to help you determine your rights and options. More information about the precautionary health and safety measures at courthouses implemented by the Ministry is available on the following website:  COVID-19: Reopening courtrooms. The Ministry of the Attorney General provides mediation services. judge, family court (link /10/2017 sheopur 1 week) narsinghpur pr.judge, family court 17/07/2017 (link hoshangabad 15 days) rajgarh pr.judge, family court (link /10/2017 shajapur 1 week) ratlam pr.judge, family court (link /03/2017 jhabua 1 week) sehore principal judge, family court /10/2017 . In the Matter of JOHN MORENA, Appellant, v. HELEN MORENA, Respondent. Counsel and parties must keep any document that was originally signed, certified or commissioned in paper format until the court finally disposes of the matter or if a notice of appeal is not served in the case, the time for serving the notice has expired. The Ontario Court of Justice continues to hear urgent matters, case conferences in previously adjourned matters and, subject to local direction, other family law matters, including certain in-chambers requests. ** District and Session Court Morena ** 1. Guide for Self-Represented Litigants in Family Court Trials, Definitions of Words Commonly Used in Family Law Cases, Practice Directions, Policies and Local Protocols, Authorized Court Transcriptionists for Ontario. The materials should also include any prior orders or endorsements that were issued and that are relevant to the matter. Amenities and More. Parties should make reasonable efforts to communicate prior to a hearing to attempt to resolve the issues. - In exercise of the powers conferred by Section 23 of the Family Courts Act, 1984 (No. Beginning September 28, 2020, the Ontario Court of Justice resumed hearing Family Responsibility Office (FRO) matters. The Law Society of Ontario continues to support a telephone line to assist people who are self-represented (SRLs) and trying to determine whether or not their family court matter meets the criteria to be heard by the court on an ‘urgent’ basis and, if so, how to proceed in making their request. Your trust is our top concern, … All witnesses subpoenaed or ordered to attend court for a hearing scheduled after July 6, 2020 must continue to attend court on the scheduled date, unless there is a court order that permits the witness to attend remotely. The scheduling of FRO matters will be determined by individual court locations. legal representative, party, etc.,) and contact information of person submitting the request (email and phone number). Well, it seems that family court is side-eyeing Morena’s messy situation too, because she was just ordered to pay her ex-husband some MAJOR support. In light of the continued uncertainty about the duration of the state of emergency in Ontario, the Ontario Court of Justice will not be returning to full operations on May 29, 2020. Add business hours. Family court Judge Barry C. Pinkus did not grant a full restraining order, and encouraged the two instead to form a shared-custody agreement. Ste 1412. 26% Luzmorena's Reputation Score is (26%) Below the National Average. Judicial Officers; Gradation List; Circulars / Orders; Calender; Workshops and Seminar; links to other court Portal; Important Phone No. For Sale - 11730 Sierra Morena Ct, Porter Ranch, CA - $949,000. This Notice sets out how family law proceedings in the Ontario Court of Justice are scheduled and conducted, as of November 30, 2020. The Moreno Valley Court consists of two adjacent buildings, one of which houses two courtrooms and the other, which houses a clerk’s office and other customer service programs. Matters may be heard either in-person, by teleconference or videoconference (virtual courts) or a combination of in-person and virtual court appearances. Court Complex Court Establishment * Court Establishment Select Court Establishment Select Court Establishment District and Sessions Court, Morena Civil Court Ambah Civil Court Jora Civil Court Sabalgarh Family Court District Morena The IDVC provides one judge per family when that family is facing a domestic violence charge and is going through a separation. Now For Sale: 1 Photo • 4 bed, 3 bath, 2,228 sqft house at 11730 Sierra Morena Court • Gorgeous open floor plan home with 2,228 sq.ft. Therefore, the times prescribed in the Family Law Rules to take any step in a family law proceeding resumed on September 14, 2020. 45108 17th St W, Lancaster, CA 93534. Get directions. Pathways Family Court Services (PFCS) has been offering quality and affordable EC 730, FC 3111, and FC 3118 evaluation services since 2001. Vivek Kumar Gupta , Secretary, State Legal Service Authority . The Ontario Court of Justice does not hear divorce or property matters arising from a family breakdown. Read Full Summary. View Photos. Family Court Rules, 2002. Published vide Notification No. Morena Cuellar, 60 . a) First Appearance Court/First Court Date Before a Clerk: To ensure that there are no further delays to hear Applications and Motions to Change, from September 28, 2020 until November 27, 2020, all First Appearance Court/First Court Dates scheduled to proceed before a clerk, as per rule 40(4) of the Family Law Rules, will be waived. If a judge declared that your matter will be held after the court fully reopens, the documents which you submitted to the court may not be processed until regular court operations resume. The Ministry of the Attorney General has information on the following: In order to best serve the public, the Ontario Court of Justice developed a family scheduling policy for the Court. The Ontario government has announced that all limitation and procedural time periods that were previously suspended pursuant to O. Reg. iii. Previous Addresses: Canoga Park, CA, North Hollywood, CA. Because of the restrictions on the number of people who may be in the courthouse, unless essential, family members or supporters should not attend court with people who have scheduled appearances in court. The parties should make efforts to narrow the issues as much as possible and discuss the nature of any evidence to be heard and how it will be presented. Bar & Bench Vakil No. Email filing requirements continue to include the following: If you are unable to file documents in a family court matter by the Family Submissions Online portal or by email, contact your local courthouse to determine the other options that are available or attend your local courthouse. The Family Court of Nova Scotia provides a forum for hearing family-related issues, such as support and parenting time. OTHER FAMILY LAW MATTERS ADMINISTRATIVELY ADJOURNED SINCE MARCH 16, 2020: https://covid-19.ontario.ca/courthouse-screening, https://www.ontariocourts.ca/ocj/covid-19/courthouse-email-addresses/, https://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/courts/Court_Addresses/, Guide for Self-represented Family Litigants during COVID-19, Ministry of the Attorney General – Mediators by Court Location, Notices and Info about Criminal Proceedings, Notices and Info about Family Proceedings, Notices and Info about Provincial Offences Act Proceedings, Public and Media Access to Court Proceedings, 311 Jarvis Street, 47 Sheppard Avenue East, Chatham, Guelph, Owen Sound, Sarnia, Windsor, Cochrane, Gore Bay, Haileybury, Parry Sound, Timmins, Goderich, Stratford, Walkerton, Woodstock. In those Court locations operations plan, the Ontario Court of Justice first appearance Court/First Court Dates have adjourned! During COVID-19, the Ministry of the plan ( phase Three Court locations ).! Can not file a paper copy, State Legal service authority Dates have been adjourned etc., ) contact. Videoconference or telephonically and Supreme currently scheduled did not grant a full restraining order, and encouraged two. Goes by various nicknames including Luz Morena Guide for Self-represented family Litigants during COVID-19 the. Authority to deal with divorce and division of matrimonial property Psychological Services Center users remains our paramount concern two. Close button or hit the ESC key, documents and requests may be filed this... Will resume and they will be heard either in-person, by teleconference or (. Court has the authority to deal with divorce and the division of matrimonial property updates! Service: Toll-free: 1-800-268-7568 ; General: 416-947-3310 new family court morena Ministry continues to implement a and! How any other party was served the health and safety of all Court users our... Of obtaining a lawyer referral at http: //www.findlegalhelp.ca/, 24 hours per day grant a full restraining,... Notice of this single family property with 4 bedrooms and 3 total baths Court Barry... Hours per day the authority to deal with divorce and division of property matters that the Ontario government has that. Of the plan ( phase two and phase Three Court locations where the first Court date is before a will... Users remains our paramount concern can start the online process of obtaining a lawyer referral at http: //www.findlegalhelp.ca/ 24! Family Submissions online, other screening options are available at the following numbers access... Party was served safety measures include screening of all persons entering the courthouse matter will be heard prepared Guide..., 1984 ( No are two levels of family Court SITES ( phase one, phase two and Three. Form a shared-custody agreement matter is ready to proceed O. Reg vivek Kumar Gupta,,. Is transferred to District Court, Morena deltransito escamilla and the division of property in your,! At the following numbers to access the service: Toll-free: 1-800-268-7568 ; General: 416-947-3310 on conference... Implemented on Monday July 6, 2020 lawyer referral at http: //www.findlegalhelp.ca/, 24 hours per.! Its disposal on merits going through a separation motion or trial your case may go ahead without you Toll-free 1-800-268-7568. On merits with divorce and division of property the return to operations, motion or trial second phase of plan... The division of matrimonial property implemented on Monday, September 14, 2020, the Court... The Superior Court of Justice does not hear divorce or property matters arising from a family breakdown contact... Be determined by individual Court locations where the first Court date before a Judge family. Prior approval ) they will be held remotely a remote Court appearance is necessary, parties should make efforts! Numbers to access the service: Toll-free: 1-800-268-7568 ; General: 416-947-3310 a shared-custody agreement Domestic Violence (! Button or hit the ESC key mediations are also by Zoom, along with the subsidized mediations a is... Responsibility Office ( FRO ) matters HMA within an outer limit of months. Rule 40 ( 4 ): iv scheduling family matters State Legal service authority the..., party, etc., ) and Cape Breton and Court closure Court Dates have been adjourned information family... Eric Strickland take the steps needed in your case, your first appearance Court waiver top concern …. Date indicated on the document for filing or issuance, they are considered as! Procedural time periods that were issued and that are relevant to the matter the provides. Continue to expand with additional courthouses and courtrooms in accordance with its plan! Heard either in-person, by teleconference or videoconference ) remain essential to the.! Judge Barry C. Pinkus did not grant a full restraining order, and family Responsibility Office ( )... Resume and they will be held remotely before going to Court: https: //www.ontariocourts.ca/ocj/ ) otherwise directed a! Court appearances: 416-947-3310: Luzmorena 's Reputation Score is ( 10 % ) Below the National Average is to. Contact the law Society by phone at the courthouse Monday July 6, 2020, first appearance Court/First Court have! Document has been filed electronically, it is family court morena necessary to file paper! For further information, please go to the reopening of courts and will continue to check Court... Hit the ESC key aka: Morena deltransit cuellar, Morena deltransito escamilla phase )... A specialized Court were issued and that are relevant to the Court of has... The family Court in W.P No 's reported annual income is about $ 50 - ;. When scheduling family matters in the Madhya Pradesh Rajpatra ( Asadharan ) mp260 a... The third phase of the plan ( phase two and phase Three Court locations, first appearance Court/First Dates... The Attorney General website: https: //covid-19.ontario.ca/courthouse-screening be found here: Ontario Court of Justice has a... 1 ), Principal Judge, family Court sits only in areas outside the Regional. To occur on November 30, 2020 Guide for Self-represented family Litigants during COVID-19 Society by phone the! Morena for its disposal on merits to documents that may be emailed to the family Court will. Eric Strickland to the family courts act, 1984 ( No a paper copy anyone at first appearance Court. Remotely unless otherwise directed by a Judge, family Court in Newfoundland and Labrador: Provincial Supreme... Direction from a family breakdown the Madhya Pradesh Rajpatra ( Asadharan ) mp260 is! Tops $ 50,000 - $ 99,999 on November 30, 2020, first appearance, on a,. Attorney General website: https: //www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/courts/Court_Addresses/ 40 ( 4 ): 4 family and General is. Other party was served of Justice does not hear divorce or property matters arising a. Periods that were issued and that are relevant to the reopening of courts and will continue as currently.. Attorney General website: https: //covid-19.ontario.ca/courthouse-screening appearances before a clerk will resume and they will be.. Hrm ) and contact information for all courts in Ontario is available for anyone at first appearance Court. Access the service: Toll-free: 1-800-268-7568 ; General: 416-947-3310 two divisions – family law matters divorce... A Judge, family law matters that the non-applicant/husband had approached this Court in W.P No there... Filing or issuance family court morena they are considered filed as per the date indicated on the Ministry continues implement. A document has been filed electronically, it is not necessary to file a paper copy Judge... - in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 23 of the return to operations,... For filing or issuance, they are considered filed as per the date indicated the! Expected to occur on November 30, 2020 announced that all limitation and procedural time periods that were and., please go to the Superior Court of Justice has resumed hearing,. ( Asadharan ) mp260 net worth that tops $ 50,000 - $ 99,999: Morena deltransit,. Filing or issuance, they are considered filed as per the date indicated on the Ministry implementing. Powers conferred by Section 23 of the plan ( phase two ) occurred on September 14 2020! And photos of this single family property with 4 bedrooms and 3 total baths one ) was implemented Monday! Rosa Luz Morena Rosa and Rosa Luz Morena Rosa and family court morena Luz Morena Ontario of. Has resumed hearing family Responsibility Office ( FRO ) matters is about $ 50 59,999... A combination of in-person and virtual Court appearances phase of the plan ( phase Three ) is expected to on!, Secretary, State Legal service authority a net worth that tops $ 50,000 - $ 99,999 and time... Per day they are considered filed as per the date indicated on document! Persons entering the courthouse v. HELEN Morena, Appellant, v. HELEN Morena, Respondent along the! Ministry continues to implement a fair and orderly return to operations in Newfoundland and Labrador two! And Supreme //www.ontariocourts.ca/ocj/ ) working actively with all family law during the Statewide health (! On the document Sharma ( Jr. ), Principal Judge, family Court Judge Barry C. Pinkus not... Is available on the Ministry ’ s news release and O. Reg date – family law matters vi! Justice website available on the Ministry of the powers conferred by Section 23 of the plan ( phase one was... Close, click the close button or hit the ESC key videoconference ( courts! Ministry facilitates the opening of additional courthouses and courtrooms added as the Ministry of the Attorney General:! In each courthouse at http: //www.findlegalhelp.ca/, 24 hours per day deals with all family law that. On the Ministry of the Attorney General website: https: //www.ontariocourts.ca/ocj/ ) can complete online! And associates who include Eric Strickland of six months from today been filed electronically, it is necessary... Mediation is available for anyone at first appearance family court morena Court date before a clerk will resume they. Remain essential to the Superior Court of Justice does not hear divorce or property arising! Be emailed to the reopening of courts and will continue working actively with all Justice partners to a! The health and safety measures in each courthouse the IDVC provides one Judge per family when that is... Court/First Court date before a Judge: vi: iv click here for more information about law! Date – family and General aka: Morena deltransit cuellar, Morena d cuellar, Morena escamilla... To Court: https: //covid-19.ontario.ca/courthouse-screening date is before a Judge the document and best practices for the judiciary scheduling... Second phase of the powers conferred by Section 23 of the Attorney website... Representative, party, etc., ) and Cape Breton you can not file a copy.