The right of redemption from all sales of real estate, for the non-payment of taxes or special assessments of any character, whatever, shall exist in favor of owners and persons interested in such real estate, for a period of not less than two years from such sales thereof And the general assembly shall provide, by law, for reasonable notice to be given to the owners or parties interested, by publication or otherwise, of the fact of the sale of the property for such taxes or assessments, and when the time of redemption shall expire: Provided, that occupants shall in all cases be served with personal notice before the time of redemption expires. The election for judges of the circuit courts shall be held on the first Monday in June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy three, and every six years thereafter. In case of a disagreement between the two houses with respect to the time of adjournment, the governor may, on the same being certified to him by the house first moving the adjournment, adjourn the general assembly to such time as he thinks proper, not beyond the first day of the next regular session. § 9. § 2. Daniel Shepard, First Assistant Secretary. Sixth District.—The counties of Whiteside, Carroll, Jo Daviess, Stephenson, Winnebago, Boone, McHenry, Kane, Kendall, DeKalb, Lee, Ogle and Rock Island. [Sections 7 to 17 both inclusive, providing for the submission of this constitution and voting thereon by the people, having become inoperative by the adoption of this constitution, are omitted herein.]. Article VIII — STATE, COUNTY, AND MUNICIPAL INDEBTEDNESS Sections 1 State debt. The general assembly shall provide for levying a tax by valuation, so that every person and corporation shall pay a tax in proportion to the value of his or her property; such value to be ascertained … § 1. § 4. The General Assembly shall provide by law for the selection of officers of the foregoing units, but the officers shall not be appointed by any person in the Judicial … § 22. § 8. In trials for libel, both civil and criminal, the truth, when published with good motives and for justifiable ends, shall be a sufficient defense. § 20. § 6. § 12. Every person having resided in this State one year, in the county ninety days, and in the election district thirty days next preceding any election therein, who was an elector in this State on the first day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight, or obtained a certificate of naturalization, before any court of record in this state, prior to the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy, or who shall be a male citizen of the United States, above the age of twenty-one years, shall be entitled to vote at such election. But judgment, in such cases, shall not extend further than removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, profit or trust under the government of this State. § 4. Second, she said, lack of consensus leads to people talking past each other. SECTION 9. You weren’t reelected as a Con-Con delegate. § 3. All justices of the peace in the city of Chicago shall be appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, (but only upon the recommendation of a majority of the judges of the circuit, superior and county courts,) and for such districts as are now or shall hereafter be provided by law. § 21. The powers of the government of this State are divided into three distinct departments — the Legislative, Executive and Judicial; and no person, or collection of persons, being one of these departments, shall exercise any power properly belonging to either of the others, except as hereinafter expressly directed or permitted. In all elections of representatives aforesaid, each qualified voter may cast as many votes for one candidate as there are representatives to be elected, or may distribute the same, or equal parts thereof, among the candidates, as he shall see fit; and the candidates highest in votes shall be declared elected. § 12. The rolling stock, and all other movable property belonging to any railroad company or corporation in this State, shall be considered personal property, and shall be liable to execution and sale in the same manner as the personal property of individuals, and the general assembly shall pass no law exempting any such property from execution and sale. To cast a write-in FOR PRESIDENT INSTRUCTIONS TO VOTERS: To vote, FEDERAL FEDERAL VOTE BOTH FRONT AND BACK OF BALL019 are, Inc, 1 Typ:0i Seq:0070 spl:01 QUINCY 36 BALLOT STYLE 142 ANGEL SMITH REPUBLICAN NO RANDY E. FRESE YES (Vote for one) of Articlé of the Illinois Constitution. The general assembly shall, in the act calling the convention, designate the day, hour and place of its meeting, fix the pay of its members and officers, and provide for the payment of the same, together with the expenses necessarily incurred by the convention in the performance of its duties. § 8. In which Article would you find information about the Governor? The change to the constitution would allow a graduated income tax, in which high earners would be taxed at a higher rate. No person elected to the general assembly shall receive any civil appointment within this State from the governor, the governor and senate, or from the general assembly, during the term for which be shall have been elected; and all such appointments, and all votes given for any such members for any such office or appointment, shall be void; nor shall any member of the general assembly be interested, either directly or indirectly, in any contract with the State, or any county thereof, authorized by any law passed during the term for which he shall have been elected, or within one year after the expiration thereof. Vacancies in such elective offices shall be filled by election but where the unexpired term does not exceed one year, the vacancy shall be filled by appointment, as follows: Of judges, by the governor; of clerks of courts, by the court to which the office appertains, or by the judge or judges thereof; and of all such other offices, by the board of supervisors, or board of county commissioners, in the county where the vacancy occurs. § 12. § 12. to removal by the court. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, where the proof is evident or the presumption great; and the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it. Article XI of the Illinois Constitution is entitled Environment and consists of two sections. The governor may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the general assembly, by proclamation, stating therein the purpose for which they are convened; and the general assembly shall enter upon no business except that for which were called together. H. HARLOW, Secretary of State, ARTICLE XIV AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION. The legislative power shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives, both to be elected by the people. Its crown jewel was granting broad home-rule powers to larger cities, letting local residents decide how to administer city hall without Springfield interference. The recorder's court of the city of Chicago shall be continued, and shall be called the "criminal court of Cook county." All fees or allowances by them received, in excess of their said compensation, shall be paid into the county treasury. “I saw what happened in 2008,” Lousin said, referring to the last 20-year discussion over a new convention. But the general assembly may, by general law, classify the counties by population into not more than three classes, and regulate the fees according to class. Any two members of either house shall have liberty to dissent from and protest, in respectful language, against any act or resolution which they think injurious to the public or to any individual, and have the reasons of their dissent entered upon the journals. No person having conscientious scruples against bearing arms, shall he compelled to do militia duty in time of peace: Provided, such person shall pay an equivalent for such exemption. It afforded equal protection of the laws — prohibitions on rules that arbitrarily discriminate — as well as due process of law. § 25. Quinn has made the most of the current charter. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination shall forever be guaranteed; and no person shall be denied any civil or political right, privilege or capacity on account of his religious opinions; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be construed to dispense with oaths or affirmations, excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of the State. § 4. § 8. Section 1. (Source: Illinois Constitution.) McCoy, Daniel Cameron, William Cary, Lawrence S. Church, Hiram H. Cody, W. F. Coolbaugh. “You might want to say, ‘Well, we only want the convention to look at the pension provision clause.’ But I think the convention is an autonomous operation. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our flames: CHARLES HITCHCOCK, President. The executive department shall consist of a Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor of Public Accounts, Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, and Attorney General, who shall, each, with the exception of the Treasurer, hold his office for the term of four years from the second Monday of January next after his election, and until his successor is elected and qualified. Which state in the United States was the first to abolish slavery, was the home of four U.S. presidents, and has the only river in the entire world that flows backwards? A portion of Article I, Section 2, was changed by the 14th Amendment; a portion of Section 9 was changed by the 16th Amendment; a portion of Section 3 was changed by the 17th Amendment; and a portion of Section 4 was changed by the 20th Amendment In the assessment of real estate incumbered by public easement, any depreciation occasioned by such easement may be deducted in the valuation of such property. § 7. Now Therefore, I, Shelby H. Cullom, governor of the State of Illinois, in conformity with section 7 of an act of the 30th general assembly of the State of Illinois entitled "An act to provide the manner of proposing amendments to the constitution and submitting the same to the electors of this State" approved March 14, 1877, in force July 1, 1877, do hereby publish and proclaim: That a majority of all the votes cast by the electors of said State of Illinois on the 5th day of November A. D. 1878 was for the proposed amendment to section 31, article 4, of the constitution of the State of Illinois and I do further proclaim that said section 31, article 4 of the constitution by virtue of the approval of a majority of the electors of said state, is now as follows: "The general assembly may pass laws permitting the owners of lands to construct drains, ditches and levees for agricultural, sanitary or mining purposes, across the lands of others, and provide for the organization of drainage districts and vest the corporate authorities thereof, with power to construct and maintain levees, drains and ditches, and to keep in repair all drains, ditches and levees heretofore constructed under the laws of this state, by special assessments upon the property benefited thereby." SECTION 12. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war except in the manner prescribed by law. The members of the general assembly shall receive for their services the sum of five dollars per day, during the first session held under this constitution, and ten cents for each mile necessarily traveled in going to and returning from the seat of government, to be computed by the auditor of public accounts; and thereafter such compensation as shall be prescribed by law, and no other allowance or emolument, directly or indirectly, for any purpose whatever; except the sum of fifty dollars per session to each member, which shall be in full for postage, stationary, newspapers, and all other incidental expenses and perquisites; but no change shall be made in the compensation of members of the general assembly during the term for which they may have been elected. Once they’re sworn in, they can do whatever they want.”, Follow Political Writer John O’Connor at https://twitter.com/apoconnor, FILE - In this Aug. 21, 2013 file photo, The Illinois Old State Capitol is seen, in Springfield, Ill. Illinois’ pension system is a mess, in part because the constitution did not mandate equal funding for equal payouts. That all laws in force at the adoption of this constitution not inconsistent therewith, and all rights, actions, prosecutions, claims, and contracts of this state, individuals, or bodies corporate, shall continue to be as valid as if this constitution had not been adopted. § 1. § 14. The John Marshall Law Review Volume 9 Issue 3 Article 6 Summer 1976 From Bone Gap to Chicago: A History of the Local Government Article of the 1970 Illinois Constitution, 9 J. Marshall J. Prac. R. Archer, Henry I. Atkins, James G. Bayne, R. M. Benjamin, H. P. H. Bromwell, 0. § 3. That atmosphere of political vituperation falls in sharp contrast to the confluence of events in 1968: Republican Gov. § 32. In case this constitution, and the articles and sections submitted separately, be adopted, the existing constitution shall cease in all its provisions, and in case this constitution be adopted, and any one or more of the articles or sections submitted separately be defeated, the provisions of the existing constitution, if any, on the same subject shall remain in forced. § 3. They shall hold their offices for four years, and until their successors have been commissioned and qualified, but they may be removed by summary proceeding in the circuit or superior court, for extortion or other malfeasance. There’s a self-perpetuating consolidation of power in the General Assembly where many bemoan that lawmakers ensure political survival by drawing their own election districts. The person having the highest number of votes for either of said offices shall be declared duly elected; but if two or more have an equal, and the highest, number of votes, the general assembly shall, by joint ballot, choose one of such persons for said office. What is the salary of the Governor of Illinois? STATE OF ILLINOIS—DEPARTMENT OF STATE Pursuant to the provisions of section eleven of the schedule of the constitution adopted by the people of the state of Illinois, on Saturday. The style of the laws of this State shall be: "Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly.". § 2. § 3. Four judges constituted a quorum and the concurrence of 4 was necessary for decision. § 4. G. ANDERSON** and. But the general assembly shall have no power to propose amendments to more than one article of this constitution at the same session, nor to the same article oftener than once in four years. The term of office of judges of the supreme court, elected after the adoption of this constitution, shall be nine years; and on the first Monday of June of the year in which the term of any of the judges in office at the adoption of this constitution, or of the judges then elected, shall expire, and every nine years thereafter, there shall be an election for the successor or successors of' such judges, in the respective districts wherein the term of such judges shall expire. County courts for the transaction of county business in counties not having adopted township organization, shall continue in existence, and exercise their present jurisdiction until the board of county commissioners provided in this constitution, is organized in pursuance of an act of the general assembly; and the county courts in all other counties shall have the same power and jurisdiction they now possess until otherwise provided by general law. § 22. For governance, it loosed chains forged in its 1870 predecessor which limited borrowing and erased state regulation of minutia and archaic industries. The state currently taxes personal income at 4.95% across the board. Are the state’s political foibles and governmental failures constitutional fare? Article 9. The veto must be adopted by overall majority". The officers named in this article shall receive for their services a salary, to be established by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during their official terms, and they shall not, after the expiration of the terms of those in office at the adoption of this constitution, receive to their own use any fees, costs, perquisites of office, or other compensation. And the general assembly shall pass laws enforcing by suitable penalties the provisions of this section. § 4. Terms of the supreme court shall continue to be held in the present grand divisions at the several places now provided for holding the same; and until otherwise provided by law, one or more terms of said court shall be held, for the northern division, in the city of Chicago, each year, at such times as said court may appoint, whenever said city or the county of Cook shall provide appropriate rooms therefor, and the use of a suitable library, without expense to the State. § 1. § 1. All laws relating to courts shall be general. Done in convention at the capitol, in the city of Springfield, on the thirteenth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thou sand eight hundred and seventy, and of the independence of the United States of America the ninety-fourth. And no act of the general assembly shall take effect until the first day of July next after its passage, unless, in case of emergency, (which emergency shall be expressed in the preamble or body of the act), the general assembly shall, by a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, otherwise direct. constitution of the state of iowa - codified This version of the Iowa Constitution incorporates into the original document all amendments adopted through the 1998 general election and omits certain provisions apparently superseded or obsolete. The right of trial by jury, as heretofore enjoyed, shall remain inviolate; but the trial of civil cases before justices of the peace by a jury of less than twelve men, may be authorized by law. § 19. § 22. He may be required by the Governor to give reasonable additional security, and in default of so doing his office shall be deemed vacant. For a three-fifths vote to remove county seats 127,077 votes. § 31. If, then, two-thirds of the members elected agree to pass the same, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered; and if approved by two-thirds of the members elected to that house, it shall become a law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor. All men are by nature free and independent, and have certain inherent and inalienable rights — among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. The general assembly may, for cause entered on the journals, upon due notice and opportunity of defense, remove from office any judge, upon concurrence of three-fourths of all the members elected, of each house. § 11. § 18. § 1. Bills making appropriations for the pay of members and officers of the general assembly, and for the salaries of the officers of the government, shall contain no provision on any other subject. Such appellate courts shall be held by such number of judges of the circuit courts, and at such times and places, and in such manner, as may be provided by law; but no judge shall sit in review upon cases decided by him; nor shall said judges receive any additional compensation for such services. § 7. The doors of each house and of committees of the whole shall be kept open, except in such cases as, in the opinion of the house, require secrecy. And in any county that shall have adopted a township organization, the question of continuing the same may be submitted to a vote of the electors of such county, at a general election, in the manner that now is or may be provided by law; and if a majority of all the votes cast upon that question shall be against township organization, then such organization shall cease in said county; and all laws in force in relation to counties not having township organization, shall immediately take effect and be in force in such county. The general assembly shall never loan the credit of the state, or make appropriations from the treasury thereof, in aid of railroads or canals: Provided, that any surplus earnings of any canal may be appropriated for its enlargement or extension. § 18. ], As published SPRINGFIELD: WEBER & Co., STATE PRINTERS 1879[1], (Other versions exist due to amendments between 1879 and 1970), We, the people of the State of Illinois — grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and Against the sections relating to Railroads in the article entitled Corporations, 23,525 votes. The amendment would have gotten rid of that mandate. The general assembly shall make no appropriation of money out of the treasury in any private law. “The people who wanted a Con-Con were so divided as to why. § 9. Every person may freely speak, write and publish on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty; and in all trials for libel, both civil and criminal, the truth, when published with good motives and for justifiable ends, shall be a sufficient defense. Each house shall determine the rules of its proceedings, and be the judge of the election, returns and qualifications of its members; shall choose its own officers; and the senate shall choose a temporary president to preside when the lieutenant governor shall not attend as president or shall act as governor. GEO. The State shall be divided into fifty-one senatorial districts, each of which shall elect one senator, whose term of office shall be four years. § 6. “The example that they always used was, when the city of Chicago wanted to change the color of the lights on squad cars, they had to get a law passed to do it,” said Charles Wheeler III, who covered the 1969 “Con-Con” in his first major assignment for the Chicago Sun-Times. The general assembly shall have no power to authorize lotteries or gift enterprises, for any purpose, and shall pass laws to prohibit the sale of lottery or gift enterprise tickets in this State. Third District—The counties of Sangamon, Macon, Logan, DeWitt, Piatt, Douglas, Champaign, Vermilion, McLean, Livingston, Ford, Iroquois, Coles, Edgar, Moultrie and Tazewell. The Illinois Constitution is similar in form to the U. § 5. 442 The John Marshall Journal of Practice and Procedure [Vol. The power of taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away. It shall have the jurisdiction of a circuit court, in all cases of criminal and quasi criminal nature, arising in the county of Cook, or that may be brought before said court pursuant to law; and all recognizances and appeals taken in said county, in criminal and quasi criminal cases shall he re-returnable and taken to said court. 14. constitutional amendment and revision. § 15. Mrs. wright’s weekly lesson plans - Basic Civics – Tentative Plan Mrs. Wright has mapped this out through the potential end of the school year – this will change depending on return from shutdown. The supreme executive power shall be vested in the governor, who shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed. § 7. All process shall run; in the name of the people of the State of Illinois; and all prosecutions shall be carried on; in the name and by the authority of the People of the State of Illinois; and conclude; Against the peace and dignity of the same. For the section relating to the Illinois Central Railroad 147,032 votes. Contested elections for all of said offices shall be determined by both houses of the general assembly, by joint ballot, in such manner as may be prescribed by law. What is the salary of the Governor of Illinois? The provisions of this constitution required to be executed, prior to the adoption or rejection thereof, shall take effect and be in force immediately. § 1. The boundaries of the districts may be changed at the session of the general assembly next preceding the election for judges herein, and at no other time; but whenever such alterations shall be made, the same shall be upon the rule of equality of population, as nearly as county boundaries will allow, and the districts shall be composed of contiguous counties, in as nearly compact form as circumstances will permit. The Indiana Supreme Court and the Indiana Historical Bureau are collaborating on a major project to gather in one place copies of original documents and research materials relating to Indiana's constitutional history. The supreme court shall appoint one reporter of its decisions, who shall hold his office for six years, subject. Neither the general assembly nor any county, city, town, township, school district, or other public corporation, shall ever make any appropriation or pay from any public fund whatever, anything in aid of any church or sectarian purpose, to help support or sustain any school, academy, seminary, college, university, or other literary or scientific institution, controlled by any church or sectarian denomination whatever; nor shall any grant or donation of land, money, or other personal property ever be made by the state, or any such public corporation, to any church, or for any sectarian purpose. NOTE.—By the adoption of minority representation, §§ 7 and 8, of this article, cease to be a part of the Constitution. 4 years. The county affairs of Cook county shall be managed by a board of commissioners of fifteen persons, ten of whom shall be elected from the city of Chicago, and five from towns outside of said city, in such manner as may be provided by law. The fees, salary or compensation of no municipal officer who is elected or appointed for a definite term of office, shall be increased or diminished during such term. Illinois Constitution of 1870 Supreme Court The Constitution of 1870 spelled out the new judicial system in Article VI. § 6. § 23. and before proceeding to other business, open and publish the same in the presence of a majority of each house of the general assembly, who shall, for that purpose, assemble in the hall of the house of representatives. At the time of voting on the adoption of this constitution, one judge of the supreme court shall be elected by the electors thereof, in each of said districts numbered two, three, six, and seven, who shall hold his office for the term of nine years from the first Monday of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy. The lieutenant governor shall be president of the senate, and shall vote only when the senate is equally divided. Ratified June 21, 1788. § 24. The governor shall have power to remove any officer whom he may appoint, in case of incompetency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office; and he may declare his office vacant, and fill the same as is herein provided in other cases of vacancy. Just last month, Gov. Senators and representatives shall, in all cases, except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during the session of the general assembly, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place. Specifically, Article 9, Section 3 of the Illinois Constitution would be amended if the ballot question passes. The general assembly, may pass laws permitting the owners or occupants of lands to construct drains and ditches, for agricultural and sanitary purposes, across the lands of others. § 11. Second Assistant Secretary. It has 24 sections. § 19. Said convention shall meet within three months after such election and prepare such revision, alteration or amendments of the constitution as shall be deemed necessary, which shall be submitted to the electors for their ratification or rejection, at an election appointed by the convention for that purpose, not less than two nor more than six months after the adjournment thereof; and unless so submitted and approved, by a majority of the electors voting at the election, no such revision, alterations or amendments shall take effect. § 4. An election for members of the General Assembly shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and every two years thereafter, in each county, at such places therein as may be provided by law. § 7. The State, exclusive of the county of Cook and other counties having a population of one hundred thousand, shall be divided into judicial circuits, prior to the expiration of the terms of office of the present judges of the circuit courts. Senatorial districts shall be formed of contiguous and compact territory, bounded by county lines, and contain as nearly as practicable an equal number of inhabitants; but no district shall contain less than four-fifths of the senatorial ratio. § 3. The general assembly shall never grant or authorize extra compensation, fee or allowance to any public officer, agent, servant or contractor, after service has been rendered or a contract made, nor authorize the payment of any claim, or part thereof, hereafter created against the State under any agreement or contract made without express authority of law; and all such unauthorized agreements or contracts shall be null and void: Provided, the general assembly may make appropriations for expenditures incurred in suppressing insurrection or repelling invasion. Exemption laws shall persist in such disorderly or contemptuous behavior executive, and be denominated,. You improve your grades removed from office on prosecution and final conviction, for in. Allowed from final determinations of county courts, as adopted and ratified in the entitled! Its provisions, none is more con-troversial or far-reaching than the local government article of the Senate determinations. 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