The styrene gas is heavier than air and comes down on spraying of water, and remains in the atmosphere for seven to eight hours. The leak occurred in the early morning hours while workers were preparing to reopen the plant, which was closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, the container that was being used to store styrene gas … It occurs naturally in some fruits, vegetables, meats, nuts, and beverages. Right now there is no leak as it has been contained. A statement from LG Polymers said that stagnation and changes in temperature inside the storage tank could have resulted in auto polymerization and could have caused vapourisation. Officials said they immediately began making announcements over speakers but many were feared to have already become unconscious as police had to break open doors to shift people. Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system (CNS) resulting in health issues such as headache, fatigue, weakness, depression, CSN dysfunction and loss of hearing and balance besides concentration problems. Styrene is a flammable liquid that is used to make polystyrene plastics, fiberglass, rubber, and latex. Visakhapatnam gas leak: What is styrene gas? However, hundreds of people including many children were admitted to hospitals. As it is flammable between 0.9 % and 6.8 % volume, styrene vapors can form explosive gaseous mixtures.It also features reprotoxic effects. It is likely that children would have the same health effects as adults. “We are investigating the incident. Politics   |   During exposure to styrene gas, a person can feel symptoms like headache, loss in hearing, … Also Read: Vizag Gas Leak Tragedy Kills Several Animals, News   |   There was 1,800 tonnes of styrene stored at the plant at the time of the leak. And long-term exposure could drastically affect the central nervous system and lead to other related problems like peripheral neuropathy. The gas leak has also left scores of citizens fainting and dropping unconscious on the ground. However, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that styrene is a possible carcinogen. So far it is estimated that areas within a five kilometre radius have been affected. Powered by * The moderation of comments is automated and not cleared manually by, Copyright © 2021 The Indian Express [P] Ltd. All Rights Reserved. What to study? COVID-19: Twitter Deletes Rajinikanth’s Post. Topics Covered: Disaster and disaster management. Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects. For Prelims and Mains: Leaked gas, effects and the reasons for leakage. Repeated exposure to lower levels of styrene gas can cause problems with concentration, memory and balance and learning ability and can result in confusion and slow reflexes. © Copyright Sakshi Post 2020 All rights reserved. The source of the leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG, located at RRV Puram near Gopalapatnam, about 15 km from the coastal city. Teams of NDRF rushed to the spot and reports said the source of the gas leak was contained in the morning. The source of the leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG. Styrene gas, when inhaled, can cause several symptoms such as nausea, headache, weakness, etc. Styrene oxide is considered toxic and possibly mutagenic. Neutralising Styrene gas to take more time: The high-powered committee will inquire into the causes of the leakage, including possible lapses in the plant’s adherence to safety protocols; it will study the long-term effects of the gas leakage on the surrounding villages, if any and recommend action to be taken against the company if negligence is found. Acute exposure to styrene gas causes respiratory and neurological symptoms and is lethal in extremely high doses.  Express Explained is now on Telegram. “Breathlessness, respiratory problems, irritation in eyes, indigestion, nausea, transient loss of consciousness, unsteady gait, giddiness are caused by exposure to it. This volatile organic compound is very harmful by inhalation and can cause irritation to the skin and eyes (R36/38). Click here to join our channel (@ieexplained) and stay updated with the latest. He said chronic (long-term) exposure to … Lifestyle   |   12 people have lost their lives and more than 200 have been admitted to the hospitals following the leak of styrene gas from the facility. The source of the leak was a styrene plant owned by South … Animal studies, according to the EPA, have reported effects on the CNS, liver, kidney, and eye and nasal irritation from inhalation exposure to styrene. The spread of the gas depends on wind speeds. Styrene gas’s effects on the brain include a feeling of drunkenness, changes in colour vision, tiredness, confusion, and problems maintaining balance.